Although the days of post-Soviet armaments and relatively “comfortable” Russian trade in the international arms and military equipment market were numbered in 2014 – after Russia’s annexation of Ukrainian Crimea and the beginning of aggression in eastern Ukraine, the final verdict on this issue was made on February 24. with the beginning of the large-scale war that Russia started against Ukraine
The Ukrainian army is now ending the era of Soviet weapons and what was one of the “golden bodies” of the modern Kremlin regime – the Russian defense industry, as a large, but still a fragment of Soviet military-technological power …
Defense Express is starting to publish a series of materials, which we are combining under the title “The End of the Soviet Weapons Era” . In this series of articles, we will try to demonstrate to readers the trends that are currently being formed in the international arms market against the background of the existential confrontation between Ukraine and Russia.
From the articles in the series “The End of the Era of Soviet Weapons” the reader will be able to learn why Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in the short term will deepen the crisis for its already weakened “defense” industry. We will also talk about how sanctions against Russian companies and government quotas on arms purchases from Russia have played a crucial role in limiting their global presence in the arms market.
The reader will also be able to learn that Ukraine had and still has an ally in the state of the enemy. Corruption in the aggressor’s army and especially in its defense-industrial complex is such an ally. Thanks to her, billions of rubles allocated for reforms and rearmament settled in the pockets of generals and related businessmen of the RosPK. This seems to be the case when such a condemned phenomenon in the civilized world as corruption has played into Ukraine’s hands.
Observers attribute the defeats of the Russian occupiers in Ukraine not least to the consequences of embezzlement and fraud with budget funds allocated for defense programs. These phenomena in recent years have been widespread, both at the enterprises of the RosPK, defense research institutes, and in the army of the aggressor country. We will show vivid examples of how this happened and name the names of these “heroes” and tell about their “feats”.
Readers will also be interested to know that the thefts began from the very beginning of the State Arms Modernization Program, which operated in Russia from 2011 to 2020 and had a budget of 20 trillion rubles. Interestingly, inspections of banks through which Russian state defense funds passed showed that 50% to 70% of the funds allocated by the Russian Ministry of Defense for modernization of the army were spent on “cash withdrawals” in different years. By the way, import substitution programs, which were introduced after the sanctions in 2014, did not achieve their goals, including due to underfunding and corruption in the military-industrial complex.
Due to this, the “high-precision and controlled” weapons of the Russians were not only small, but also dependent on imported components. And, by the way, the replenishment of the fleet of guided cruise missiles and ballistic missiles is directly related to the use of components that Rosoboronprom is currently unable to purchase due to sanctions and export controls.
Many say that today’s war is a war between Russia’s corrupt system of governance and the system of transparent and accountable governance in the West. And if for the West this war becomes an impetus for further eradication of corruption, for Russia its defeat will be a consequence, including total corruption in the defense and army.
We will also show what is happening in the arms markets. We will talk separately with the reader about the prospects of the Ukrainian defense industry, which also comes from the “scoop”, but may have much better prospects.Today, Ukraine has a unique chance to finally get rid of the Soviet legacy, both in the military-technical sense and in the very approaches to the formation of the armed forces and the restructuring of the defense industry to NATO standards.
Wars not only change geopolitical schedules, but are also technological drivers of armaments. Today, Ukraine has a unique chance to finally get rid of the Soviet legacy, both in the military-technical sense and in the very approaches to the formation of the armed forces and the restructuring of the defense industry to NATO standards. Moreover, this process is unique in that it takes place during the war, when the Ukrainian army is restructured and retrained in combat. This is a painful and not fast, but necessary and inevitable process if we want to defeat Russia – it is repainted in the tricolor of the USSR.
It is obvious that after the defeat of Ukraine, Russia will face great troubles as a weapons manufacturer. Against the background of the fact that the post-Soviet technologies used by the Russian Federation in its military-industrial complex have shown their failure in the face of modern Western ones, the arms market for it will gradually close. Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, according to military experts, will change the supply, demand and priorities of military procurement not only in Europe but also around the world.
Sanctions against Russian defense companies and government quotas on arms purchases from Russia have already played a significant role in limiting their global presence in the arms market.
At the same time, restricting Russia’s access to Western technologies and closing opportunities for competition in the arms market opens up great opportunities for Ukraine.
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